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S.H. Melenko The Role of the Ancient Greek Philosophy of Law in the Process of Formation of the Contemporary State and Law Ideologemes

The article under discussion presents a philosophical-legal investigation of the influence of the Ancient Greek philosophers’ law and ideological principles upon the processes of formation of the present day state and law ideologemes. The article reveals the concept of ideological and methodological sources of the European and Ukrainian Law, stated by academician M.V.Kostytskyi. According to this concept, Hellenic Philosophy, Roman Law, and Christian Ethics belong to the above mentioned sources.

Since the very moment of its foundation, Hellenic Philosophy had been playing an important role in the process of formation of the state-law institutions in the Ancient Greek polices. Later on, as the result of Roman invasions, this influence starts expanding over state, legal, educational, cultural, technological and other spheres of the Romans’ existence. In other words, such affect possessed the features of complexity and efficiency. Thus, due to the Hellenic Philosophy of Law, Roman Law has developed into a generally-recognized civilization phenomenon, the latter being, according to academician Kostytskyi’s concept, a kind of ideological and methodological source of the European, and consequently, Ukrainian Law.

Besides, with the adoption of Christianity, which may also be considered as an ideological and methodological source of the European Law, the Hellenic Philosophy of Law has exercised direct influence upon the processes of updating and intensifying the Christian beliefs.

Performing the function of an ideological and methodological source of the European Law and being partially integrated into the spheres of Roman Law and Christianity, the Hellenic Philosophy of Law has been exercising direct influence upon the above mentioned processes throughout the whole period of formation and development of the European state-law institutions. It should be also emphasized, that the phenomenon under discussion has preserved its action at present.

Keywords: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, philosophical and law views, ideological antagonism, the method of “engineer Kalashnikov”. 

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